Symptoms and Cures for Periodontitis, Gingivitis and Piorrea
Periodontology studies the supporting tissues of teeth that are divided into soft tissues (periodontal ligament and gingiva) and hard tissues (cement and alveolar bone tissue). The dental office in Sanident Milan is specialized in this discipline, which deals with diseases affecting the periodontium, therefore called periodontal diseases or periodontal disease: gingivitis and pyorrhea are the most common terms for these disorders, so a prompt therapy is needed. But how is gingivitis treated? What are the appropriate remedies and treatments for pyorrhea? In fact, if not treated promptly, the most serious forms of periodontitis can lead to tooth loss. Here is an overview of the symptoms and risk factors dedicated to these diseases.
What negatively affects periodontal disease?
- Improper oral hygiene
- The smoke
- The stress
- Diseases that lower the immune system
- Genetic pathologies
Warning! Periodontal diseases can be a risk factor in patients with diseases such as:
- Cardiovascular disorders
- Respiratory diseases
Periodontal disease is an infectious disease caused by bacteria (bacterial plaque), has more concurrent causes than together can increase the likelihood that the disease will occur including smoking or systemic diseases and dental malocclusions.
The anatomical changes and the degeneration of the periodontium (tissue supporting the teeth) are consequences of the disease and lead to two possible clinical manifestations:
Gingival recession – lowered gingiva that is evident with visibly longer teeth
The periodontal pocket – gum in the correct position, but inside the bone and tooth attachment have moved towards the root forming an empty space called periodontal pocket.
Periodontal disease can present as gingivitis or periodontitis (pyorrhea).
- Gingivitis when adequately treated leads to complete healing of the supporting tissues
- Periodontitis (pyorrhea) involves an irreversible lesion and it is necessary to intervene immediately with specific surgical interventions aimed at blocking the degeneration of the supporting tissues.
Each tooth and / or affected area can be affected differently: minimum, medium, severe. For this an accurate diagnosis and a precise evaluation made during a dental visit with the periodontist (specialist dentist) who examines tooth to tooth the incidence of the disease and notes the results of the examination by drawing up a detailed, special personal periodontal card of the patient .
It is estimated that 40% of the population suffers from this disease in a more or less serious form with a high incidence after the thirty-five years of age.
Also in children this disease can arise and is mainly due to a microorganism: the actinomices actinomicetemcomitans.
Other conditions may favor it such as bad occlusions or incorrect positions of the teeth that facilitate the loss of gums, or poor hygiene and consequent plaque and tartar deposits that cause inflammation and can aggravate the lesions.
It is advisable to diagnose periodontal disease early by making a dental examination and to intervene if necessary by consulting a dentist specialized in periodontology.
In less severe cases it usually heals after one or more sessions of oral hygiene and / or smoothing of the roots of the teeth performed in the dental office by the dental hygienist or dentist together with appropriate antibiotic treatment. In the most serious cases it is necessary to have a resective and / or regenerative surgery performed by a dentist specialized in periodontology. The collaboration of the patient who undertakes to observe correct daily oral hygiene at home and to carry out the necessary periodic checks by the dentist and relative oral hygiene promptly is fundamental.